List of United Nations Resolutions Concerning
From Wikipedia on
April 23, 2008
The following is a list of
United Nations resolutions that concern
Israel only or bordering states (such as
UN Security Council passed 131
resolutions directly dealing with the Arab-Israeli conflict. Of the 131
resolutions passed, 43 could be considered neutral while the remaining 88 either
criticized and opposed the actions of Israel or judged against its interests.
Nearly half of the 88 resolutions against Israel "condemned", "censured" or
"deplored" the member state or its actions.
During this time, in the
UN General Assembly, 429
resolutions against Israel were passed, and Israel was condemned 321 times.
United States has used its
veto power to prevent resolutions concerning Israel from passing through the
Security Council on 42 occasions since 1970.
 Resolutions condemning Israel were not made under
Chapter VII of the
UN Charter, but rather under Chapter VI, which relates to the "Pacific
Settlement of Disputes" between parties, and as such have no enforcement
mechanisms and are generally considered to have no binding force under
David Harsanyi has accused the UN of heavy anti-Israel prejudice.
The Negotiations Affairs Department of the
Palestine Liberation Organization has accused the UN of serious bias in
favor of Israel.
United Nations General Assembly resolutions
United Nations Security Council resolutions
United Nations General
United Nations General Assembly resolution
United Nations Security
United Nations Security Council resolution
Resolution 42: The Palestine Question (5
1948) Requests recommendations for the Palestine Commission
Resolution 43: The Palestine Question (1 Apr
1948) Recognizes "increasing violence and disorder in Palestine" and
requests that representatives of "the Jewish Agency for Palestine and the Arab
Higher Committee" arrange, with the Security Council, "a truce between the
Arab and Jewish Communities of Palestine...Calls upon Arab and Jewish armed
groups in Palestine to cease acts of violence immediately."
Resolution 44: The Palestine Question (1
1948) Requests convocation of special session of the General Assembly
Resolution 46: The Palestine Question (17
1948) As the United Kingdom
is the Mandatory Power, "it is responsible for the maintenance of peace and
order in Palestine." The Resolutions also "Calls upon all persons and
organizations in Palestine" to stop importing "armed bands and fighting
personnel...whatever their origin;...weapons and war materials;...Refrain,
pending the future government of Palestine...from any political activity which
might prejudice the rights, claims, or position of either community;...refrain
from any action which will endager the safety of the Holy Places in
Resolution 48: The Palestine
Resolution 49: The Palestine
Resolution 50: The Palestine
Resolution 53: The Palestine
Resolution 54: The Palestine
Resolution 56: The Palestine
Resolution 57: The Palestine
Resolution 59: The Palestine
Resolution 60: The Palestine
Question (29 Oct
Resolution 61: The Palestine
Question (4 Nov
Resolution 62: The Palestine
Question (16 Nov
Resolution 66: The Palestine
Question (29 Dec
Resolution 72: The Palestine
Question (11 Aug
Resolution 73: The Palestine
Question (11 Aug
Resolution 89 (17
1950): regarding Armistice in
1948 Arab-Israeli War and "transfer of persons".
Resolution 92: The Palestine
Resolution 93: The Palestine
Resolution 95: The Palestine
Question (1 Sep
Resolution 100: The Palestine
Resolution 101: The Palestine
Resolution 106: The Palestine Question (29
1955) 'condemns' Israel for Gaza
Resolution 107: The Palestine
Resolution 108: The Palestine
Resolution 111: " ... 'condemns'
Israel for raid on Syria that killed fifty-six people".
Resolution 127: " ... 'recommends'
Israel suspends its 'no-man's zone' in
Resolution 162: " ... 'urges'
Israel to comply with UN decisions".
Resolution 171: " ... determines flagrant violations' by
Israel in its attack on Syria".
Resolution 228: " ... 'censures'
Israel for its attack on Samu in the West Bank, then under Jordanian control".
Resolution 237: " ... 'urges'
Israel to allow return of new 1967 Palestinian refugees".
Resolution 242 (November
1967): Termination of all claims or states of belligerency and respect for
and acknowledgement of the sovereignty, territorial integrity and political
independence of every State in the area. Calls on
Israel's neighbors to end the state of
belligerency and calls upon Israel to reciprocate by withdraw its forces from
land claimed by other parties in 1967 war. Interpreted commonly today as
calling for the
Land for peace principle as a way to resolve
Resolution 248: " ... 'condemns'
Israel for its massive attack on Karameh in Jordan".
Resolution 250: " ... 'calls' on
Israel to refrain from holding military parade in Jerusalem".
Resolution 251: " ... 'deeply deplores' Israeli military parade in
Jerusalem in defiance of Resolution 250".
Resolution 252: " ... 'declares invalid'
Israel's acts to unify Jerusalem as Jewish
Resolution 256: " ... 'condemns' Israeli raids on
Jordan as 'flagrant violation".
Resolution 259: " ... 'deplores'
Israel's refusal to accept UN mission to probe occupation".
Resolution 262: " ... 'condemns'
Israel for attack on Beirut airport".
- Resolution 265: " ...
'condemns' Israel for air attacks for
Salt in Jordan".
Resolution 267: " ... 'censures'
Israel for administrative acts to change the status of Jerusalem".
Resolution 270: " ... 'condemns'
Israel for air attacks on villages in southern Lebanon".
Resolution 271: " ... 'condemns'
Israel's failure to obey UN resolutions on Jerusalem".
Resolution 279: " ... 'demands' withdrawal of Israeli forces from
Resolution 280: " ... 'condemns' Israeli's attacks against
Resolution 285: " ... 'demands' immediate Israeli withdrawal form
Resolution 298: " ... 'deplores'
Israel's changing of the status of Jerusalem".
Resolution 313: " ... 'demands' that
Israel stop attacks against Lebanon".
Resolution 316: " ... 'condemns'
Israel for repeated attacks on Lebanon".
Resolution 317: " ... 'deplores'
Israel's refusal to release Arabs abducted in Lebanon".
Resolution 332: " ... 'condemns'
Israel's repeated attacks against Lebanon".
Resolution 337: " ... 'condemns'
Israel for violating Lebanon's sovereignty".
Resolution 338 (22
cease fire in
Yom Kippur War
Resolution 339 (23
1973): Confirms Res. 338, dispatch UN observers.
Resolution 347: " ... 'condemns' Israeli attacks on
Resolution 425 (1978):
'calls' on Israel to withdraw its
forces from Lebanon". Israel's withdrawal from
Lebanon was completed as of
Resolution 350 (31
1974) established the United Nations Disengagement Observer Force, to
monitor the ceasefire between Israel
and Syria in the wake of the Yom Kippur War.
Resolution 427: " ... 'calls' on
Israel to complete its withdrawal from Lebanon.
Resolution 444: " ... 'deplores'
Israel's lack of cooperation with UN peacekeeping forces".
Resolution 446 (1979):
'determines' that Israeli settlements are a 'serious obstruction' to peace and
calls on Israel
to abide by the Fourth Geneva Convention".
Resolution 450: " ... 'calls' on
Israel to stop attacking Lebanon".
Resolution 452: " ... 'calls' on
Israel to cease building settlements in occupied territories".
Resolution 465: " ... 'deplores'
Israel's settlements and asks all member states not to assist
Resolution 467: " ... 'strongly deplores'
Israel's military intervention in Lebanon".
Resolution 468: " ... 'calls' on
Israel to rescind illegal expulsions of two Palestinian mayors and a judge and
to facilitate their return".
Resolution 469: " ... 'strongly deplores'
Israel's failure to observe the council's
order not to deport Palestinians".
Resolution 471: " ... 'expresses deep concern' at
Israel's failure to abide by the Fourth
Resolution 476: " ... 'reiterates' that
Israel's claim to Jerusalem are 'null and
Resolution 478 (20
1980): 'censures (Israel)
in the strongest terms' for its claim to
Jerusalem in its 'Basic Law'.
Resolution 484: " ... 'declares it imperative' that
Israel re-admit two deported Palestinian
Resolution 487: " ... 'strongly condemns'
Israel for its attack on Iraq's nuclear
Resolution 497 (17
1981) decides that Israel's
annexation of Syria's Golan Heights
is 'null and void' and demands that Israel rescinds its decision forthwith.
Resolution 498: " ... 'calls' on
Israel to withdraw from Lebanon".
Resolution 501: " ... 'calls' on
Israel to stop attacks against Lebanon and withdraw its troops".
Resolution 509: " ... 'demands' that
Israel withdraw its forces forthwith and
unconditionally from Lebanon".
Resolution 515: " ... 'demands' that
Israel lift its siege of Beirut and allow
food supplies to be brought in".
Resolution 517: " ... 'censures'
Israel for failing to obey UN resolutions and demands that Israel withdraw its
forces from Lebanon".
Resolution 518: " ... 'demands' that
Israel cooperate fully with UN forces in
Resolution 520: " ... 'condemns'
Israel's attack into West Beirut".
Resolution 573: " ... 'condemns'
Israel 'vigorously' for bombing Tunisia in attack on PLO headquarters.
Resolution 587 " ... 'takes note' of previous calls on
Israel to withdraw its forces from Lebanon
and urges all parties to withdraw".
Resolution 592: " ... 'strongly deplores' the killing of Palestinian
students at Bir
by Israeli troops".
Resolution 605: " ... 'strongly deplores'
Israel's policies and practices denying the
human rights of Palestinians.
Resolution 607: " ... 'calls' on
Israel not to deport Palestinians and strongly requests it to abide by the
Fourth Geneva Convention.
Resolution 608: " ... 'deeply regrets' that
Israel has defied the United Nations and
deported Palestinian civilians".
Resolution 636: " ... 'deeply regrets' Israeli deportation of Palestinian
Resolution 641: " ... 'deplores'
Israel's continuing deportation of Palestinians.
Resolution 672: " ... 'condemns'
Israel for "violence against Palestinians" at the Haram al-Sharif/Temple
Resolution 673: " ... 'deplores'
Israel's refusal to cooperate with the United Nations.
Resolution 681: " ... 'deplores'
Israel's resumption of the deportation of Palestinians.
Resolution 694: " ... 'deplores'
Israel's deportation of Palestinians and calls on it to ensure their safe and
Resolution 726: " ... 'strongly condemns'
Israel's deportation of Palestinians.
Resolution 799: ". . . 'strongly condemns'
Israel's deportation of 413 Palestinians and
calls for their immediate return.
Resolution 1559 (2
2004) called upon Lebanon
to establish its sovereignty over all of its land and called upon Syria to end
their military presence in Lebanon by withdrawing its forces and to cease
intervening in internal Lebanese politics. The resolution also called on all
Lebanese militias to disband.
Resolution 1583 (28
2005) calls on Lebanon
to assert full control over its border with Israel. It also states that "the
Council has recognized the Blue Line as valid for the purpose of confirming
Israel's withdrawal pursuant to resolution 425.
Resolution 1648 (21
2005) renewed the mandate of
United Nations Disengagement Observer Force until
Resolution 1701 (11
2006) called for the full cessation of hostilities between
Israel and the UN - An Uneasy Relationship (Permanent
Mission of Israel to the United Nations).
The U.N.'s Record Vis A Vis Israel Retrieved
22 April 2007.
The United Nation's War Against Israel by
Capitalism Magazine, 27 May 2002. Retrieved
23 July 2006.
- No binding force under
- "Some analysts have
pointed out that Security Council resolutions condemning or criticizing
Israel have been passed under Chapter VI of the U.N. Charter, which are
different from the Chapter VII resolutions against Iraq." Ayoob, Mohammad.
"The war against Iraq: normative and strategic implications", in Robinson,
Mary & Weiss, Thomas G. & Crahan, Margaret E. & Goering, John (eds). Wars
on Terrorism and Iraq: human rights, unilateralism, and U.S. foreign policy,
Routledge (UK), May 1, 2004, p. 164.
- "The UN distinguishes
between two sorts of Security Council resolution. Those passed under Chapter
Six deal with the peaceful resolution of disputes and entitle the council to
make non-binding recommendations. Those under Chapter Seven give the council
broad powers to take action, including warlike action, to deal with “threats
to the peace, breaches of the peace, or acts of aggression”. Such
resolutions, binding on all UN members, were rare during the cold war. But
they were used against Iraq after its invasion of Kuwait. None of the
resolutions relating to the Israeli-Arab conflict comes under Chapter
Iraq, Israel and the United Nations: Double standards?,
The Economist, October 10, 2002.
- "...there is a
difference between the Security Council resolutions that Israel breaches
(nonbinding recommendations under Chapter 6) and those Iraq broke
(enforcement actions under Chapter 7)." Kristof, Nicholas D.
Calling the Kettle Black,
The New York Times, February 25, 2004.
- "There is a hierarchy
of resolutions... Chapter 6, under which all resolutions relating to the
middle east have been issued, relates to the pacific resolution of disputes.
Above that, there are the mandatory chapter 7 resolutions, which impose the
clearest possible obligations, usually on a single state rather than on two
or three states, which is what chapter 6 is there for. Chapter 7 imposes
mandatory obligations on states that are completely out of line with
international law and policy, and the United Nations has decided in its
charter that the failure to meet those obligations may be met by the use of
House of Commons debates,
Hansard, Column 32, September 24, 2002.
- "There is another
characteristic of these resolutions which deserves a mention, and that is
that they are under chapter 7 of the United Nations charter. Chapter 7 has
as its heading 'Action with respect to threats to the peace, breaches of the
peace, and acts of aggression'. This is the very serious chapter of United
Nations rules, regulations, laws and principles, which the United Nations
activates when they intend to do something about it. If the United Nations
announces under chapter 7 that it intends to do something about a matter and
it is not done, that will undermine the authority of the United Nations;
that will render it ineffective. There are many other resolutions under
other chapters. Resolution 242 gets a bit of a guernsey here every now and
then. Resolution 242 is under chapter 6, not chapter 7. It does not carry
the same mandate and authority that chapter 7 carries. Chapter 6 is the
United Nations trying to put up resolutions which might help the process of
peace and it states matters of principle that are important for the world to
take into consideration. Resolution 242 says that Israel should withdraw
from territories that it has occupied. It also says that Israel should
withdraw to secure and recognised boundaries and that the one is dependent
upon the other. Resolution 242 says that, but it is not a chapter 7
Waiting for blow-back (speech delivered in Parliament on February 4, 2003,
The Sydney Morning Herald, February 5, 2003.
The United Nation's War Against Israel,
Marc Weller of
Cambridge University and
Barbara Metzger, Negotiations Affairs Department of the
Palestine Liberation Organization,