Leading Iraqi Shiites, Kurds, and Sunnis at Cairo Conference
Agree that the Resistance to Occupation is Legitimate

 

By BASSEM MROUE, Associated Press Writer

 

November 21, 2005

 

U.S. soldiers fired on a civilian vehicle Monday because they feared it might hold a suicide
bomber, killing at least two adults and a child northeast of the capital, American and Iraqi officials said.

 

The troops fired on the car because it was moving erratically outside a U.S. base in Baqouba, 35 miles
from Baghdad, said Maj. Steven Warren, a U.S. spokesman. "It was one of these regrettable, tragic
incidents," Warren said.

 

Dr. Ahmed Fouad at the city morgue and police officials gave a higher death toll, saying five people including three children were killed while driving home from a funeral.

 

Iraqi officials have long complained about American troops firing at civilian vehicles that appear suspicious. U.S. officials note that suicide car bombers often strike U.S. and Iraqi checkpoints.

 

The shooting took place in a province that has experienced at least four major bombings in the last three weeks including a suicide car bomb Monday that missed U.S. vehicles but killed five civilians outside Baqouba.

 

Mystery continued to surround a firefight that broke out when U.S. and Iraqi forces surrounded a house in
the northern city of Mosul that was believed used by members of al-Qaida in Iraq. Eight insurgents and
four Iraqi policemen died in the assault, officials said.

 

Iraq's foreign minister said tests were being done to determine if the leader of al-Qaida in Iraq, Abu Musab
al-Zarqawi, died in the raid. And a U.S. government official confirmed that DNA from the insurgents' bodies
had been taken for testing. The official in Washington spoke on condition of anonymity because the investigation is ongoing.

 

However, the U.S. ambassador to Iraq cast doubt on whether al-Zarqawi was killed. "Unfortunately, we did
not get him in Mosul," Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad said of Iraq's most feared terrorist.

 

The raid took place in a mostly Kurdish area of eastern Mosul where attacks against U.S. and Iraqi forces
less common than in the western, mostly Sunni Arab part of the city. However, U.S. soldiers say many insurgents live in eastern Mosul and launch attacks elsewhere.

 

Shahwan Fadhl Ali, a neighbor, said eight Arabs four men, a woman and three children had been
living quietly there since last year. "They might have been Syrians or Jordanians but not Iraqis," he said.

 

On Saturday, police Brig. Gen. Said Ahmed al-Jubouri said the raid was launched after a tip that top
al-Qaida operatives, possibly including al-Zarqawi, were in the house. In Moscow, visiting Iraqi Foreign
Minister Hohshyar Zebari told Jordan's official Petra news agency that authorities were testing DNA
samples from several corpses to determine if al-Zarqawi was among them.

 

But U.S. officials avoided linking al-Zarqawi to the Mosul raid and sought to dispel speculation that the
terror mastermind was dead.

 

"I don't believe that we got him. Of course, his days are numbered, we are after him, we are getting ever closer," Khalilzad said.

 

At the Pentagon, Army spokesman Lt. Col. Barry Venable said U.S. forces "employ whatever means
required" presumably including DNA "to identify suspected or known terrorists or insurgents."

 

In Cairo, Egypt, on Monday, leaders of Iraq's Shiites, Kurds and Sunnis wrapped up a conference
by condemning terrorism but saying the opposition had a "legitimate right" to resistance. Their statement omitted any reference to attacks on U.S. or Iraqi forces, and delegates in Cairo said the omission was intentional. They spoke anonymously, saying they feared retribution.

 

The gathering organized by the Arab League also said there should be a timetable for the
withdrawal of foreign forces from Iraq, a key demand of Sunni Arabs.

 

The differentiation between terrorism and legitimate resistance was an overture to some Sunni
Arab insurgent groups, which the Iraqi government believes might be ready for talks. The plan
would be to drive a wedge between those groups and extremists such as al-Qaida.

 

"Though resistance is a legitimate right for all people, terrorism does not represent resistance. Therefore, we condemn terrorism and acts of violence, killing and kidnapping targeting Iraqi
citizens and humanitarian, civil, government institutions, national resources and houses of worships," the document said.

 

Also Monday, leading Shiite lawmaker suggested that he will pursue a federal region in southern Iraq after
next month's elections, pushing forward demands for Shiite autonomy that Sunni leaders fear could tear the country apart.

 

"We have major missions ahead," Abdul-Aziz al-Hakim, who heads the largest bloc in the interim parliament, told a gathering of tribal leaders. "The central and southern regions should be achieved after the elections"
set for Dec. 15.

 

According to Iraq's new constitution, the country's 18 provinces except for Baghdad can combine to create self-ruled areas. Kurds have such a region in the north and Sunni Arabs fear that a similar Shiite-run mini-state in the south would deprive them of a share of the nation's oil wealth concentrated in those two areas.

 

In other violence, Monday, gunmen killed a Sunni cleric, Khalil Ibrahim, outside his home in the mostly Shiite
city of Basra, police said. The victim was a member of the Association of Muslim Scholars, a group of influential Sunni clerics that has been sharply critical of the Shiite-led government.

 

Four Iraqi policemen were killed and another wounded by gunmen in the town of Tarmiyah just north of Baghdad, police said.

 

Associated Press writers Sinbad Ahmed in Mosul, Katherine Shrader in Washington, Chris Tomlinson in Babylon and Qassim Abdul-Zahra in Baghdad contributed to this report.

 

 

Home