Results from Multiple Polls on
Religion and Public Life

[Up to April 2008]

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. April 10-13, 2008. N=1,197 adults nationwide (MoE 3), including, with an oversample, 292 Catholics (MoE 5.5). Fieldwork by TNS.

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Pope Benedict the 16th?"

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Favorable

Unfavorable

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL

48

24

28

 

 

 

Catholics

74

13

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Asked of Catholics:
"Do you think Pope Benedict should maintain the traditional policies of the Church, or should he change Church policies to reflect the attitudes and lifestyles of Catholics today?"
Options rotated

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Maintain

Change

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

4/10-13/08

50

45

5

 

 

 

4/05

50

48

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Asked of Catholics:
"In general, do you think the Roman Catholic Church is in touch with the views of Catholics in
America today, or is it out of touch?"

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

In Touch

Out of
Touch

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

4/10-13/08

34

62

4

 

 

 

4/05

44

52

4

 

 

 

10/03

34

62

3

 

 

 

10/95

38

58

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Asked of Catholics:
"Currently, Roman Catholic priests cannot get married. Do you favor or oppose that policy?"

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Favor

Oppose

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

4/10-13/08

36

60

4

 

 

 

10/03

30

67

2

 

 

 

10/95

37

61

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Asked of Catholics:
"Currently, women cannot become priests in the Roman Catholic Church. Do you favor or oppose that policy?"

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Favor

Oppose

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

4/10-13/08

36

60

3

 

 

 

10/03

32

64

4

 

 

 

3/02

35

61

4

 

 

 

10/95

33

65

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Do you approve or disapprove of the way the Catholic Church has handled the issue of sexual abuse of children by priests?"

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Approve

Disapprove

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL

17

74

9

 

 

 

Catholics

24

73

3

 

 


 

 

NBC News/Wall Street Journal Poll conducted by the polling organizations of Peter Hart (D) and Bill McInturff (R). Dec. 14-17, 2007. N=1,008 adults nationwide. MoE 3.1.

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"When it comes to the role of religion in the presidential election, would you say that religion is talked about too much, too little, or about the right amount?"

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Too Much

Too Little

About Right

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

12/14-17/07

45

22

30

3

 


 

 

CBS News Poll. June 26-28, 2007. N=750 registered voters nationwide.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think it is appropriate for political candidates to talk about their religious beliefs as part of their political campaigns, or do you think this is not appropriate?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Appropriate

Not
Appropriate

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL reg. voters

50

48

2

 

 

 

  Republicans

65

32

3

 

 

 

  Democrats

41

57

2

 

 

 

  Independents

48

51

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

5/20-23/04

50

47

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think it is appropriate for religious leaders to urge people to vote for or against a political candidate, or is that not appropriate?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Appropriate

Not
Appropriate

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL reg. voters

27

70

3

 

 

 

  Republicans

41

58

1

 

 

 

  Democrats

21

77

2

 

 

 

  Independents

22

72

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

5/20-23/04

33

63

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Thinking about your vote for president next year, how important is it that a candidate SHARES your religious beliefs? Is it very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Very
Important

Somewhat
Important

Not Very
Important

Not at All
Important

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

ALL reg. voters

15

23

23

38

1

 

  Republicans

30

28

20

21

1

 

  Democrats

7

23

27

42

1

 

  Independents

12

18

21

48

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"How important is it for a candidate to have STRONG religious beliefs, regardless of whether those beliefs are the same as yours? Is it very important, somewhat important, not very important, or not at all important?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Very
Important

Somewhat
Important

Not Very
Important

Not at All
Important

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

ALL reg. voters

27

36

16

20

1

 

  Republicans

43

35

12

7

3

 

  Democrats

23

35

19

23

0

 

  Independents

20

36

17

27

0


 

 

Gallup Poll. May 10-13, 2007. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE 3 (total sample).

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"For each of the following items I am going to read you, please tell me whether it is something you believe in, something you're not sure about, or something you don't believe in. . . ." N=500, MoE 5 (Form A)

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Believe In

Not Sure

Don't
Believe In

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

God

 

   5/10-13/07

86

8

6

-

 

 

   5/2-4/04

90

5

4

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Heaven

 

   5/10-13/07

81

8

11

-

 

 

   5/2-4/04

81

10

8

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Angels

 

   5/10-13/07

75

11

14

-

 

 

   5/2-4/04

78

11

10

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

The Devil

 

   5/10-13/07

70

8

21

1

 

 

   5/2-4/04

70

10

19

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Hell

 

   5/10-13/07

69

8

22

1

 

 

   5/2-4/04

70

12

17

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Which of the following statements comes closest to your belief about God: you believe in God, you don't believe in God but you do believe in a universal spirit or higher power, or you don't believe in either?" N=503, MoE 5 (Form B)

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

God

Universal
Spirit/Higher
Power

Neither

Other (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

5/10-13/07

78

14

7

-

1

 

5/2-4/04

81

13

5

-

1

 

12/9-12/99

86

8

5

1

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"How important would you say religion is in your own life: very important, fairly important, or not very important?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Very
Important

Fairly
Important

Not Very
Important

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

5/10-13/07

56

26

17

1

 

 

5/8-11/06

56

28

16

-

 

 

5/2-5/05

55

28

16

1

 

 

5/2-4/04

55

29

15

1

 

 

11/03

61

25

14

-

 

 

5/03

58

28

14

-

 

 

2/03

60

23

17

-

 

 

12/02

61

27

11

1

 

 

9/02

65

23

12

-

 

 

5/02

56

30

13

1

 

 

3/02

58

27

14

1

 

 

12/01

60

26

13

1

 

 

9/01

64

24

12

-

 

 

5/01

57

28

15

-

 

 

2/01

55

30

15

-

 

 

8/00

57

31

12

-

 

 

3/00

61

27

12

-

 

 

12/99

61

27

11

1

 

 

5/99

58

30

11

1

 

 

6/98

62

25

12

1

 

 

1/98

59

29

12

-

 

 

1993

59

32

9

-

 

 

1990

58

29

13

-

 

 

1985

55

31

13

1

 

 

1980

55

31

13

1

 

 

1978

52

32

14

2

 

 

1965

70

22

7

1

 


 

 

Gallup Poll. Jan. 15-18, 2007. N=1,018 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Next, I'm going to read some aspects of life in America today. For each one, please say whether you are very satisfied, somewhat satisfied, somewhat dissatisfied, or very dissatisfied. How about the influence of organized religion?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Very
Satisfied

Somewhat
Satisfied

Somewhat
Dissatisfied

Very
Dissatisfied

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

1/15-18/07

22

34

23

16

5

 

1/10-14/01

17

47

21

11

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Would you like to see organized religion have more influence in this nation, less influence, or keep its influence as it is now?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

More

Less

As It Is Now

Other (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

1/15-18/07

27

32

39

-

2

 

1/10-14/01

30

22

45

1

2


 

 

ABC News Poll. Sept. 5-7, 2006. N=1,003 adults nationwide. MoE 3. Fieldwork by TNS.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you feel you do or do not have a good basic understanding of the teachings and beliefs of Islam, the Muslim religion?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Do

Do Not

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

9/5-7/06

40

58

2

 

 

 

3/2-5/06

40

59

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Would you say you have a generally favorable or unfavorable opinion of Islam?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Favorable

Unfavorable

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

9/5-7/06

41

45

14

 

 

 

3/2-5/06

43

46

11

 

 

 

10/01

47

39

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Every religion has mainstream beliefs, and also fringe elements or extremists. Thinking of mainstream Islam, do you think mainstream Islam encourages violence against non-Muslims, or is it a peaceful religion?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Encourages
Violence

Peaceful

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

9/5-7/06

33

54

13

 

 


 

 

USA Today/Gallup Poll. July 28-30, 2006. N=1,007 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Now thinking specifically about Muslims, do you think each of the following applies or does not apply to Muslims living in the U.S.? How about, they are [see below]?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Applies

Does Not
Apply

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

"Committed to their religious beliefs"

 

   7/28-30/06

87

7

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Loyal to the United States"

 

   7/28-30/06

49

39

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Respectful of other religions"

 

   7/28-30/06

47

40

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Too extreme in their religious beliefs"

 

   7/28-30/06

44

46

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Respectful of women"

 

   7/28-30/06

35

52

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Sympathetic to the al-Qaeda terrorist organization"

 

   7/28-30/06

34

50

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"If you honestly assessed yourself, would you say that you have at least some feelings of prejudice against Muslims, or not?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Yes, Do

No, Do Not

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

7/28-30/06

39

59

2

 

 


 

 

Gallup Poll. May 8-11, 2006. N=1,002 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Which of the following statements comes closest to describing your views about the Bible? The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word. The Bible is the inspired word of God, but not everything in it should be taken literally. OR, The Bible is an ancient book of fables, legends, history, and moral precepts recorded by man."

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Actual
Word of God

Inspired
Word of God

Fables

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

5/8-11/06

28

49

19

3

 

 

5/2-5/05

32

47

18

3

 

 

11/04

34

48

15

3

 

 

12/02

30

52

15

3

 

 

2/01

27

49

20

4

 

 

6/98

33

47

17

3

 

 

7-8/80

40

45

10

6

 

 

8/76

38

45

13

5

 


 

 

CBS News Poll. April 6-9, 2006. N=899 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Which of the following statements comes closest to your belief about God: you believe in God; you don't believe in God, but you believe in some other universal spirit or higher power; or you don't believe in either?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

God

Universal
Spirit

Neither

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

4/6-9/06

82

9

8

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"How important is religion in your daily life? Is it extremely important, very important, somewhat important, or not at all important?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Extremely
Important

Very
Important

Somewhat
Important

Not at All
Important

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

4/6-9/06

26

33

26

13

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: The Bible is the actual word of God and is to be taken literally, word for word."

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Agree

Disagree

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

4/6-9/06

43

54

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think people who have strong religious beliefs are discriminated against in this country?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Yes

No

Depends (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

4/6-9/06

48

43

5

4

 

 

11/18-21/04

36

55

4

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"In general, do you think that teaching the Bible in a public school does or does not violate the Constitution and the separation of church and state?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Does

Does Not

Depends (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

4/6-9/06

46

46

2

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think public schools should or should not be allowed to teach the Bible as a piece of literature, in classes like English or Social Studies?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Should

Should Not

Depends (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

4/6-9/06

64

29

4

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Would you like to see religious and spiritual values have more influence in the schools than they do now, less influence, or about the same influence as they do now?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

More

Less

Same

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

4/6-9/06

49

16

32

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"What is your impression of [see below]? As of today, is it very favorable, somewhat favorable, somewhat unfavorable, very unfavorable, of haven't you heard enough about that to say?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Favorable

Unfavorable

Haven't Heard
Enough

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Christian fundamentalist religions"

 

   4/6-9/06

31

31

32

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"The Mormon religion"

 

   4/6-9/06

20

39

38

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"The Catholic religion"

 

   4/6-9/06

48

37

11

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Other Christian religions, such as Protestantism"

 

   4/6-9/06

58

12

27

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"The Jewish religion"

 

   4/6-9/06

47

16

33

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Scientology"

 

   4/6-9/06

8

52

37

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"The religion called Islam"

 

   4/6-9/06

19

45

31

5

 

 

   2/22-26/06

23

36

32

9

 

 

   2/02

30

33

31

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Generally speaking, do you think the Islamic religion encourages violence more than other religions around the world, about the same amount, or less than other religions around the world?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

More

Same

Less

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

4/6-9/06

46

30

7

17

 

 

2/22-26/06

39

35

8

18

 


 

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. March 2-5, 2006. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE 3. Fieldwork by TNS.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Every religion has mainstream beliefs, and also fringe elements or extremists. Thinking of mainstream Islam, do you think mainstream Islam teaches respect for the beliefs of non-Muslims, or not?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Does

Does Not

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

3/2-5/06

41

45

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think mainstream Islam encourages violence against non-Muslims, or is it a peaceful religion?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Encourages
Violence

Peaceful

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

3/2-5/06

33

54

13

 

 

 

1/02

14

57

29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Compared to other religions, do you think there are more violent extremists within Islam, fewer, or about the same number as in other religions?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

More

Same

Fewer

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

3/2-5/06

58

34

3

5

 

 

1/02

38

41

5

17

 


 

 

CBS News Poll. Feb. 22-26, 2006. N=1,018 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"As you may know, a Danish newspaper published some cartoons depicting Muhammad, which offended Muslims around the world and led to violent protests by Muslims in many countries. Based on what you've seen or read, do you think the reaction by Muslims was justified, or not justified, or don't you know enough about it to say?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Justified

Not Justified

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

2/22-26/06

9

56

35

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Based on what you've seen or read, do you think the Danish newspaper was justified in publishing the cartoons, or not justified, or don't you know enough about it to say?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Justified

Not Justified

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

2/22-26/06

32

27

41

 

 


 

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. Feb. 9-12, 2006. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"As you may know, several newspapers in Europe recently printed cartoons showing Mohammed, the founder of Islam, in ways that offended the religious views of many Muslims. How closely have you been following the news about this: very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not at all?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Very
Closely

Somewhat
Closely

Not Too
Closely

Not at All

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

2/9-12/06

21

35

25

18

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think the European newspapers that printed those cartoons acted responsibly or irresponsibly?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Responsibly

Irresponsibly

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

2/9-12/06

29

61

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Overall, do you think this controversy is due more to Western nations' lack of respect for the Islamic religion, or due more to Muslims' intolerance of different points of view?" Options rotated

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Western
Lack of
Respect

Muslim
Intolerance

Both (vol.)

Neither (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

2/9-12/06

21

61

6

2

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Which comes closer to your view? The U.S. news media have an obligation to show controversial items that are newsworthy even if they may offend the religious views of some people. OR, The U.S. news media have an obligation to avoid offending the religious views of some people even if that prevents them from showing controversial items that are newsworthy." Options rotated

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Obligation to
Show News-
worthy Items

Obligation to
Avoid
Offending

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

2/9-12/06

57

33

10

 

 


 

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Nov. 29-30, 2005. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Which one of the following is closer to your view? Religion is under attack in America today. Religion has too much influence in America today. The current standing of religion in America is just about right."

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Under
Attack

Too Much
Influence

About
Right

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

11/29-30/05

49

17

22

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you feel like Christianity is under attack in the United States today?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Yes

No

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

59

37

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you agree or disagree there is a war on Christmas in the United States today?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Agree

Disagree

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

42

48

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Around this time of year, there is talk about whether holiday decorations on public property should include a nativity scene. Some say nativity scenes should not be on public property because this violates the separation of church and state. Others say it is acceptable for nativity scenes to be on public property because they are part of the historical celebration of Christmas. What is your view? Should nativity scenes be allowed on public property, or not?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Allowed

Not
Allowed

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

83

12

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Are you offended by stores that instruct employees not to say 'Merry Christmas' and make it a policy to specifically not use the words 'Merry Christmas' in advertising and promotions?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Yes

No

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

45

49

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you believe the motto 'In God we trust' should remain on U.S. currency and coins or should it be removed?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Remain

Removed

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

93

4

3

 

 

 

4/25-26/05

92

5

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you believe the phrase 'under God' should remain in the Pledge of Allegiance or should it be removed?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Should
Remain

Should Be
Removed

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

90

7

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think it should be legal or illegal to display the Ten Commandments on government property?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Legal

Illegal

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

76

15

8

 

 

 

3/1-2/05

77

14

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you agree or disagree that the courts have gone too far in taking religion out of public life?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Agree

Disagree

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

77

17

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you agree or disagree with the idea of removing all religious holidays from public school calendars?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Agree

Disagree

Remove
Some (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

11/29-30/05

8

87

2

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think it is a good idea or a bad idea to post the Ten Commandments in public schools?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Good Idea

Bad Idea

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

66

24

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you favor or oppose allowing public schools to set aside time for a moment of silence?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Favor

Oppose

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

87

9

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you favor or oppose allowing voluntary prayer in public schools?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Favor

Oppose

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

82

14

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you favor or oppose allowing public schools to have a prayer during graduation ceremonies?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Favor

Oppose

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

11/29-30/05

82

11

6

 

 


 

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Sept. 27-28, 2005. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3 (for all registered voters).

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"As you may have heard, a federal district judge has ruled that the Pledge of Allegiance is an unconstitutional endorsement of religion and cannot be recited in public schools because it contains the phrase 'under God.' Do you agree or disagree with the judge's decision that the Pledge is an unconstitutional endorsement of religion?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Agree

Disagree

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

9/27-28/05

11

87

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It feels like the country is becoming anti-religion."

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Agree

Disagree

Already
Was (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

ALL

54

39

1

6

 

 

  Democrats

45

47

-

8

 

 

  Republicans

68

26

1

4

 

 

  Independents

47

47

2

5

 


 

 

Gallup Poll. Aug. 8-11, 2005. N=1,001 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Please tell me whether you favor or oppose a constitutional amendment to allow voluntary prayer in public schools."

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Favor

Oppose

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

8/8-11/05

76

23

1

 

 

 

8/16-19/01

78

20

2

 

 

 

9/11-13/00

74

23

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"If you had a choice, which would you prefer in the local public schools: spoken prayer, or a moment of silence for contemplation or silent prayer?" Options rotated

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Spoken
Prayer

Silence/
Silent Prayer

Neither
(vol.)

Both
(vol.)

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

8/8-11/05

23

69

5

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Thinking about the presence that religion currently has in public schools in this country, do you think religion has too much of a presence in public schools, about the right amount, or too little of a presence in public schools?" Options rotated

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Too
Much

About
Right

Too
Little

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

8/8-11/05

11

27

60

2

 

 

2/9-11/01

7

28

63

2

 


 

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. June 24-26, 2005. N=1,009 adults nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"As you may know, the U.S. Supreme Court will decide a case regarding whether a monument to the Ten Commandments can be displayed on the grounds of state government buildings in Texas and Kentucky. Do you think the U.S. Supreme Court should or should not allow the state governments to display that monument?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Should

Should
Not

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

6/24-26/05

75

23

2

 

 


 

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. April 1-2, 2005. Adults nationwide.

 

 

.

.

.

.

.

"Do you think the religious right has too much influence, too little influence, or the right amount of influence in the Bush Administration?" Form A (N=519, MoE 5)

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Too
Much

Too
Little

Right
Amount

None
(vol.)

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

4/1-2/05

39

18

39

1

3

 

 

.

.

.

.

.

"Do you think the religious right has too much influence, too little influence, or the right amount of influence over the Republicans in Congress?" Form B (N=521, MoE 5)

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Too
Much

Too
Little

Right
Amount

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

4/1-2/05

39

23

33

5

 


 

 

Associated Press/Ipsos poll conducted by Ipsos-Public Affairs. April 1-3, 2005. N=1,001 adults nationwide (MoE 3.1), including 219 Catholics.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"How do you think Pope John Paul II will go down in history? Would you say he will be remembered as one of the greatest popes, above average, average, below average, or one of the worst popes?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

One of the
Greatest

Above
Average

Average

Below
Average

One of
Worst

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

ALL adults

51

25

17

1

1

 

Catholics

72

20

6

2

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Should the next pope give lay people a greater say in how the church is governed, or not?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Yes

No

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL adults

62

29

9

 

 

 

Catholics

63

35

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think the next pope should do more to address the problem of sexual abuse of children and teenagers by priests or do you think the church has done enough?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Should
Do More

Has Done
Enough

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL adults

86

12

2

 

 

 

Catholics

82

17

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think the next pope should change church policies to allow priests to marry or maintain traditional policies requiring priests to be celibate?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Allow
Marriage

Require
Celibacy

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL adults

69

25

6

 

 

 

Catholics

60

36

4

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Should the next pope allow women to be ordained as priests, or not?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Should

Should
Not

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL adults

64

32

4

 

 

 

Catholics

60

38

2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Should the next pope be from one of the places where Catholicism is growing fastest -- like Africa or Latin America -- or from Europe, where popes traditionally have come from?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Growth
Areas

Europe

U.S. (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

ALL adults

37

36

1

26

 

 

Catholics

41

43

1

15

 


 

 

CNN/USA Today/Gallup Poll. April 1-2, 2005. N=1,040 adults nationwide (MoE 3), including 254 Catholics (MoE 7).

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"How much will it matter to you who the Catholic Church chooses as the next pope: a great deal, a moderate amount, not much, or not at all?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Great
Deal

Moderate
Amount

Not
Much

Not
At All

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

ALL adults

15

19

18

47

1

 

Catholics

36

29

16

19

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"How do you think Pope John Paul II will go down in history -- as one of the greatest popes, great but not one of the greatest, good, average, or below average?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

One of the
Greatest

Great

Good

Average

Below
Average

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

Catholics

67

21

7

2

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"If you had to choose, do you think the College of Cardinals should select as the next pope someone who is more conservative than John Paul II, about the same, or more liberal than John Paul II?" Options rotated

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

More
Conser-
vative

Same

More
Liberal

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

Catholics

4

59

34

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Would you find it acceptable or unacceptable if the College of Cardinals chose the next pope from one of the following areas? How about . . . ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Accept-
able

Unaccept-
able

Unsure

 

 

 

Among Catholics:

%

%

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Latin America

85

12

3

 

 

 

Africa

80

17

3

 

 

 

Asia

78

19

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think the next pope should or should not . . . ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

 

Should

Should
Not

Unsure

 

Among Catholics:

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Allow Catholics to use birth control"

78

21

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Allow priests to marry"

63

36

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Make church doctrine on stem cell research less strict"

59

36

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Allow women to become priests"

55

44

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Allow Catholics to divorce and re-marry without getting an annulment"

49

48

3

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Make church doctrine on abortion less strict"

37

59

4


 

 

ABC News/Washington Post Poll. March 10-13, 2005. N=1,001 adults nationwide (MoE 3), including 222 Catholics (MoE 6.5). Fieldwork by TNS.

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Do you have a favorable or unfavorable impression of Pope John Paul the Second?"

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Favorable

Unfav-
orable

Unsure

 

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

 

3/05 -- ALL

67

16

17

 

 

 

 

3/05 -- Catholics

87

8

5

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

10/95 -- ALL

64

20

16

 

 

 

 

10/95 -- Catholics

83

10

7

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

8/87 -- ALL

51

8

41

 

 

 

 

8/87 -- Catholics

76

4

20

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Do you think the next pope should maintain the traditional policies of the Church, or should he change Church policies to reflect the attitudes and lifestyles of Catholics today?" Options rotated

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Maintain

Change

Unsure

 

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

 

3/05 -- Catholics

41

57

1

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

"Would you personally prefer to have the next pope come from a country in the developed world, especially Europe, where almost all previous popes have come from, or from a country in the developing world, especially South America or Africa, where the church is growing the fastest?" Options rotated

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Developed

Developing

No Differ-
ence (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

 

3/05 -- Catholics

39

22

37

3

 

 


 

 

Associated Press/Ipsos poll conducted by Ipsos-Public Affairs. Feb. 22-24, 2005. N=1,000 adults nationwide. MoE 3.1.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"The Supreme Court is considering whether the Ten Commandments may be displayed on government property, such as in courthouses. Do you believe the display of the Ten Commandments ought to be allowed on government property, such as courthouses, or not?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Allowed

Not
Allowed

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

2/22-24/05

76

23

1

 

 


 

 

FOX News/Opinion Dynamics Poll. Feb. 8-9, 2005. N=900 registered voters nationwide. MoE 3.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"In general, do you approve or disapprove of elected officials making references to God and religion at public events?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Approve

Disapprove

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

2/8-9/05

63

28

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"In your opinion, does George W. Bush talk about God and religion too often or not often enough?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Too Often

Not Often
Enough

About Right
(vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

2/8-9/05

28

30

30

12

 


 

 

Newsweek Poll conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Dec. 2-3, 2004. N=1,009 adults nationwide. MoE 3 (for all adults).

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Now, regardless of your own religious beliefs, we'd like your views on Jesus. Do you think Jesus Christ ever actually lived, or not?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Did

Did Not

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL

93

3

4

 

 

 

  Christians

96

1

3

 

 

 

  Non-Christians

76

12

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Trend:

 

12/98

90

2

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think Jesus Christ was God or the Son of God, or another religious leader like Mohammed or Buddha?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

God or
Son of God

Religious
Leader

Neither/
Other (vol.)

Unsure

Don't
Believe
Jesus
Ever Lived

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

ALL

82

6

2

7

3

 

  Christians

91

3

1

4

1

 

  Non-Christians

35

22

12

19

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Now I have a few questions about the Bible. Do you believe that every word of the Bible is literally accurate -- that the events it describes actually happened, or not?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

 

Yes,
Believe

No, Do Not
Believe

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

ALL

55

38

7

 

 

  Evangelical Protestants

83

12

5

 

 

  Non-Evangelical Protestants

47

48

5

 

 

  Catholics

45

46

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you believe the story of Christmas -- that is, the Virgin birth, the angelic proclamation to the shepherds, the Star of Bethlehem, and the Wise Men from the East -- is historically accurate, OR is a theological story written to affirm faith in Jesus Christ?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Historically
Accurate

Theological
Story

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

ALL

67

24

9

 

 

 

  Christians

75

17

8

 

 

 

  Non-Christians

24

59

17

 

 


 

 

CBS News/New York Times Poll. Nov. 18-21, 2004. N=885 adults nationwide. MoE 3 (for all adults).

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think evangelical Christians have too much influence, too little influence, or the right amount of influence on George W. Bush's decisions?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Too Much

Too Little

Right
Amount

Have No
Influence (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

%

%

%

%

%

 

ALL

31

12

35

3

19

 

  Republicans

11

10

62

4

13

 

  Democrats

47

16

15

3

19

 

  Independents

33

9

32

3

23

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"In the next four years, do you think evangelical Christians will have more influence, less influence, or about the same amount of influence on George W. Bush's decisions as they did during his first term?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

More

Less

Same

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

ALL

21

7

59

13

 

 

  Republicans

11

7

73

9

 

 

  Democrats

30

6

49

15

 

 

  Independents

19

8

58

15

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"What worries you more: public officials who don't pay enough attention to religion and religious leaders, or public officials who are too close to religion and religious leaders?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Don't Pay
Enough
Attention

Too Close

Depends (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

ALL

35

51

3

11

 

 

  Republicans

53

30

4

13

 

 

  Democrats

25

65

2

8

 

 

  Independents

29

53

4

14

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

Trend:

 

11/03

50

34

3

13

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think government officials and political appointees who have strong religious beliefs should try to use the political system to turn their religious beliefs into law, or shouldn't they do this?"

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Should

Should Not

Depends (vol.)

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

ALL

8

85

3

4

 

 

  Republicans

16

75

2

7

 

 

  Democrats

5

90

3

2

 

 

  Independents

4

89

2

5

 


 

 

Pew Research Center/Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life survey conducted by Princeton Survey Research Associates International. Aug. 5-10, 2004. Nationwide.

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"In your opinion, should churches and other houses of worship keep out of political matters, or should they express their views on day-to-day social and political questions?" Form 1 (N=739 adults, MoE 4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Keep Out

Express
Views

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

8/5-10/04

44

51

5

 

 

 

7/03

44

52

4

 

 

 

3/01

43

51

6

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"During political elections, should churches and other houses of worship come out in favor of one candidate over another, or shouldn't they do this?" Form 2 (N=773 adults, MoE 4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Should

Should
Not

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

8/5-10/04

25

65

10

 

 

 

3/02

22

70

8

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you think there has been too much, too little or the right amount of expressions of religious faith and prayer by political leaders?" Form 1 (N=739 adults, MoE 4)

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Too Much

Too Little

Right
Amount

Unsure

 

 

 

%

%

%

%

 

 

8/5-10/04

27

31

32

10

 

 

7/03

21

41

29

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

"Do you believe that it is proper or improper for political parties to ask church members for lists of people who attend their church so the parties can encourage them to register and vote?" N=1,512 adults, MoE 3

 

 

 

 

 

 

.

 

 

Proper

Improper

Unsure

 

 

 

 

%

%

%

 

 

 

8/5-10/04

26

69

5